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Information On Lap-band And Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy

By Timothy Brown

Bariatric operations are the procedures that are performed with the sole purpose of helping an individual lose weight. The need for these procedures has been increasing steadily in New York City in recent times. Gastric banding, sleeve gastrectomy and gastric bypass are the three main types of bariatric operations. Of the three, lap-band and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy are the most effective and safest. Gastric bypass is often done as a last resort for some diseases affecting the stomach.

Weight loss surgical options are usually considered as a last resort. There is a need to try out the non-invasive methods first for a period of not less than 6 months. Cut down on your consumption of highly refined carbohydrates and fats as much as possible. These two food groups contribute to the greatest proportion of weight gain. Regular physical activity helps burn excess calories and prevent unwanted storage in adipose tissues.

The decision to undergo either lap band surgery or sleeve gastrectomy is made by the doctor in consultation with the patient. The choice is made after carefully considering the benefits of each of them. Both can be performed through the open technique or through laparoscopy. One of the major differences between the two is the fact that banding is reversible while gastrectomy is a permanent procedure.

During the open procedure, a large incision running from the epigastric area to the pubic region is made. The surgeon can visualize the stomach through this incision and place the band directly. When the laparoscopic option is used, on the other hand, very small incisions are created in the anterior abdominal region. These incisions (also known as ports) are used for the entry of instruments.

Gastrectomy is simply the cutting and removal of a segment of a stomach. In a single operation, between 75 and 80% is usually removed. What is left behind is a small pouch that takes the shape of a sleeve (thus the name of the operation). The laparoscopic method is preferred over the open technique. Once the required part has been cut off, the rest is stitched back using sutures or stitches.

A number of complications may occur following these operations. Excessive bleeding, injury to internal organs and post-operative infections are among the most commonly encountered. In rare circumstances, the staples or stitches used during the operation may come off. Leakage of foods and acids may then ensue and cause chemical injury to other organs. Nausea and vomiting will be experienced if the squeeze of the band is too much.

Reduced stomach capacity translates into reduced intake of food. This is not only due to the smaller quantity of food that can be held at one time but also due to the associated early satiety. A reduction in the surface area of the stomach also reduces the amount of food absorbed. Weight loss begins to become evident within weeks or months depending on the magnitude of the problem.

Bariatric operations can be performed in a wide range of patients. However, there are conditions that may make the procedures risky in some of them. Systemic conditions such as hyperthyroidism and uncontrolled diabetes may require that some form of intervention takes place first before the procedure takes place. The same case applies to conditions that are restricted to the gastrointestinal system such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and peptic ulcer disease.

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